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Maharh

Mahra province  is located  to the east of the capital Sana'a and it is  called  the eastern gate of Yemen.  It is  away from the capital about  (1318) kilometers and the population accounted for (0.5%) of the total population of the Republic,  therefore it is the least provinces in terms of population.  The number of districts is(9), and Ghaydah city is the centre of the province .  Agriculture , livestock breeding and fishing are the most important key activities practiced by the population of the province, where it's farmed with  many agricultural crops, the most important is the  vegetables. The  agricultural crops accounted for (0.42%) of the total agricultural production in the Republic and the province is  located on  a  long coastline up to (500) kilometers. It is rich in fish and marine life. In the lands of Mahra province natural resources and various of economic potential, as the  initial indications indicate that there are some  minerals, and the most notably are gold, marble, granite and  black sand.  The province  is famous for the gum trees and incense industry. The  commercial activity is distinctive cause it's  the main way  of Yemen trade with some Gulf states, and the port of Nashton is the sitting of a  commercial movement in fishing and fish exports. The nature reserve of Hawf is one  of its tourist attractions. The terrain  of the province is almost  plain  and desert, and the climate is  hot in summer and mild in winter.

Location:
Mahra province is located in the  eastern part of the Republic of Yemen, between latitudes (15 - 20) and between longitude (51 - 45) east of Greenwich. It's  away from the capital Sana'a a
distance of (1318 km) and relates to the  desert of the Empty Quarter from the north, Hadramout province from  the west, the Arabian  sea from the south, and the Sultanate of Oman from the east.

 

Area:
The area of
​​the province is  about (67,297) square kilometers. This space is distributed in nine districts. Hat district is the largest district in the province is terms of area (19303) square kilometers,  while Hawf district is the  smallest  district (1531) square kilometers.

Population:
The population of the province  , according to the results of the general census of population, housing and establishments for the year 2004,  (88,594) people and the population is growing at a rate of (4.51%).
 

Number of  Population , housing, families and area of Mahra province  for 200

NO

District

Area (km2)

Density (people / km 2)

Number of Houses

Number of Families

Number of males

Number of female


Total

1

Shahn

8778

0.3591

550

540

1879

1273

3152

2

Hat

19303

0.144

435

432

1525

1261

2786

3

Hawf

1531

3.359

932

925

2786

2357

5143

4

Ghaydha

7159

3.828

3648

3833

15399

11992

27404

5

Manar

17279

0.312

766

783

2873

2507

5388

6

Masila

6806

1.529

1642

1585

5146

5258

10404

7

Sihoot

2667

4.404

1753

1653

6153

5593

11746

8

Qshan

3485

3.283

1737

2097

6291

5150

11441

9

Hsurin

1843

6.039

1399

2085

6042

5088

11130

Total

68851

1.287

12862

13933

48110

40484

88594

 

Terrain:
The terrain of Mahra province is  divided  into three sections, namely: - the southern coastal plain - the central mountainous hill  - the northern desert.

The southern coastal plain:  It includes the coastal strip that is winding and stretching from the borders of the province with Hadramout province  from the west, and eastward to the borders of the Sultanate of Oman. Its  length is about (375 km), which is confined from the north by the mountain range  and valleys of the hill. Its height top  above sea level is  (250 meters), and spread on it most of  major cities, including the administrative center of the province, Ghayda city so most of  the province population live there .

 

central mountainous hill  : The hill is a part of the mountainous hill  stretching from north of Aden to the east of Mhara province .It is composed of mountain ranges interspersed with valleys and tributaries  and the most famous  mountains of this province are Habshia mountain ,  Algrt mountain, Bani  Kachit mountain range ,  Fak and Mrara  mountain  as far east as Qmr mountains series .

- Mountain range penetrated by numerous valleys which are divided into two sections:

Section I ( pour southward into the Arabian Sea coast ): The most important and the largest valleys of the province  start from the west, including Masila valley , which is the southeast extension of Hadramout valley and a lot of north-eastern and south-western tributaries pour into , and on both sides of this valley,  a lot of settlements that rely on running water in it spread . These lands  considered  of the most fertile lands of the province , and this valley pours into the west of Sihoot  then into the sea, and to the east of this valley there is  (Adnot) valley  and pour into the west of  Qshan at Rass Shrwin , and to the east of it there is the great  Gizy valley ,where  Dhon valley  pour into . Water of Dhon valley  collects from  Kachit mountain  range  and Alfrt mountain  . Gizy valley flows into  to the west of  Ghayda city the administrative center of the province- ,  and to the east of this valley. There are also a number of small valleys flow into the Arabian Sea, they are the  valleys that permeate Qmr mountains range.

Section II (that  pour into the north to the Empty Quarter desert ):

In this section , there are a lot of valleys, like  - from west to east Manahil valley and  Erma, which  collect waters from the north Ben Kachit mountain  - then  Dhahia (victim) and  Thov valleys which  water of  the north Ben Kachit gathered in  - they meet  in the south of  Snaw and pour into the Empty Quarter in Khalif Msifah - then Mrakhih and Arba valleys  - which  water of  the north Ben Kachit gathered in  and pour into  the Empty Quarter in  Towq  Shahar - then Rakhwa  ,  Shait,  Maitn and Shaht valleys  - and these valleys pour into the  north in the Empty Quarter.

- Northern desert: It is a vast desert and it is the  south-eastern part of the Empty Quarter . It  includes Aruq Al-Maward ,  Ramlet Om Gharib,  Ramlet Aaoh, Bani Ardh ,  Khalif and Alin,  Khalif Msifah, Towq Shahar, and a large number of valleys  such as  Aruq AL-Khrakhir , Aruq Dhahia   and Aruq Bn  Hamouda  , and most of the residents of them are  nomads.

Climate:
The climate of Mahra  province  is tropical dry climate except Hawf district  which the  rain  fall regularly  annually   from June to September and the highest temperature is  (33 C) and  the minimum is (18 Celsius) in the coastal areas along  the shores of the Arabian Sea due to monsoon carrier breeze air palliative the temperature.

Rain:
A lot of parts of the province if  not all of them suffer from poor rains in the  recent years, although some rain fell, they are few and concentrated in some parts of the mountain. Generally , the rain usually falls in  summer, as it falls in the winter in small amounts, where the amount of rain  is (982) mm according to the 2004 statistics.

Vegetation:
Due to the desert nature that makes up most of the province surface, it affects to a great extent on the quality and quantity of vegetation . So  most of the vegetation available on the province surface  is desert plants and herbs which often grow and increased  in the rainy seasons. As well as other types of long-lived trees, especially thorny ones like acacia tortilis , Alcspan
, in addition to lotus trees in limited quantities , palm trees and others.

Wild Animals:
There are many wild animals mainly lions, tigers, foxes, rabbits, and other types  like hedgehog, hyrax, etc., and there are very few numbers of antelope. All these types  are found in areas free of the population. There are also different types of birds mainly hawks, wild pigeons, owl  and other small sparrows  of various sizes and names which are often found in agricultural areas and valleys full of trees.


Sources:

  • Yemen Facts and Figures - National Information Center.    Report of field and office operations in the province of Mahra .  

  • Final results of the General Census of Population, Housing and Establishments 2004.

  • Statistical Yearbook 2004.

  • Fourth Conference of the local councils  2006.

  • Tourism survey results  (1996-1999 ).

  • Agricultural Statistics Book 2009.



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